The funded period of the PEN project ended in July 2022 and a journal supplement compiling important results is now available online, published by the Eur J Public Health. This special issue titled Creating evidence for public policies to improve diet and physical activity behaviours in Europe comprises 13 manuscripts that are output from the PEN project. Topics examined include new theoretical models to advance our understanding of the policy process and its evaluation. It provides an overview of priority public policies and policy areas most likely to sustainably reduce physical inactivity, unhealthy diets and sedentary behaviour. It explores the first steps in a bespoke policy monitoring and health surveillance system for Europe, and a refinement of our knowledge of appropriate research designs and methods for the quantification of policy impact. PEN results illustrate how best to evaluate the implementation and impact of policy in order to yield the best results for a healthy life of European citizens. Importantly, PEN has provided recommendations on equity and diversity to ensure that policy actions are inclusive as opposed to exclusive.
The full supplement is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/issue/32/Supplement_4